New issue of Music & Copyright

The latest issue of Music & Copyright is now available for subscribers to download. Here are some of the highlights.

Guvera lifts the lid on its finances and business strategy
Guvera’s plans for an IPO remain in the balance after the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) decided to block the streaming service’s listing. The Australian service detailed its IPO plans at the end of May, but when it published its supporting prospectus, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) forced a revision of the document. Then, 24 hours after the new prospectus was submitted, the ASX said it was refusing Guvera’s admission to the official list. A meeting between the two parties is set to take place to discuss the decision. Whether the listing takes place at all will soon become clear. Either way, the IPO prospectus has provided an insight into Guvera’s operating performance as well as its future plans. In common with most streaming services that are running up some pretty heavy losses, Guvera’s cost of sales heavily outweigh its revenue. Although the service is available in 20 markets, the prospectus revealed details of Guvera’s plans to concentrate on 10 of those markets, most of which have provided little in the way of earnings for record companies in previous years. Also included in the document is an assessment of the risks faced by investors, fueling the already intense debate on the robustness of the music-streaming business model.

Digital and overseas gains boost STIM revenue to new record
Swedish authors’ society STIM has reported another record financial year with total collections and distributions to its members topping the previous records set in 2014. Collections from online and new media services again registered impressive year-on-year growth. Although broadcasting is still the biggest domestic source of collections, a slight decline in overall broadcasting income, coupled with gains in digital collections, meant the two revenue sources accounted for almost the same share of total domestic income. Collections from overseas remained the biggest income source for STIM’s author and publisher members and last year foreign earnings, particularly from the US and UK, grew sharply. Royalties from festivals and live music concerts suffered a second year of decline after a sharp rise in 2013.

Music’s year of virtual reality has the potential to pay off
The music industry is making a play for virtual reality (VR), and this year will see an array of VR initiatives, leaning primarily on live performance video. The VR segment is set to explode, with gaming likely to be the biggest beneficiary, but music companies could develop a new revenue category built on VR. However, to succeed, they need to ensure that their output is more than mere 360º video. Music content will need to be deeply engaging and immersive if it is to cut through.

JASRAC reports stable year for royalty collections
Japanese authors’ society JASRAC has reported a small decrease in royalty collections in the 12 months to end-March 2016, after a similarly small increase in the previous 12-month period. Despite a rise in general performance and digital collections and a flat year for broadcasting income, the continued decline in mechanical royalties resulted in an overall dip in collections. However, in contrast to collections, JASRAC reported that distributions to members edged up slightly in the year. Broadcasting remained the biggest single source of earnings for Japanese authors.

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Music & Copyright is published by Ovum.

New issue of Music & Copyright with Indonesia country report

The latest issue of Music & Copyright is now available for subscribers to download. Here are some of the highlights.

Just how big is recorded music streaming going to be?
In a fairly short space of time, music streaming has become the most important distribution means for the recorded music sector. Earlier this year the IFPI reported that streaming gains were behind the first substantial growth in global trade earnings for almost 20 years. Add to this the fact that all the major labels have confirmed in the last few weeks that streaming was the top recorded music revenue source in the first quarter of this year. We look at the latest developments in the music subscription sector and explains why streaming is now so important for the recorded music industry. It also predicts just how high the total number of paying subscribers could reach by 2020.

Subscription gains fail to offset physical format decline in Japan
The Japanese music trade association, the RIAJ, has reported physical and digital recorded music trade figures for the first three months of this year. Production levels of physical formats suffered a modest decline in the period compared with the same period of 2015. In contrast, total record company earnings from digital sales and services increased year on year in the quarter. However, the rate of growth in digital sales was not sufficient to fully offset the physical format declines. Although record companies in Japan will welcome the rise in digital revenue, physical formats still account for more than 80% of total trade earnings in the country. There is a real fear that any acceleration in the contraction rate of physical format sales could spell a tough few years for the Japanese recorded music sector.

Streaming and manufacturing initiatives set to bolster the vinyl renaissance
Vinyl remains in resurgence as consumers continue to show an appetite for the traditional analog format. But demand is stretching the industry to the limit and established vinyl pressers are struggling to keep pace, hamstrung by antiquated equipment, with record companies relying on old engineering from central Europe to feed the pipeline. There are, however, plenty of signs of innovation on the manufacturing side as fresh blood is drawn to the business. The age-old format might also be in line for an HD upgrade.

Indonesia country report
In addition to the usual set of music industry statistics and news briefs, the latest issue of Music & Copyright includes a detailed Indonesia music industry profile. Indonesia has the third-largest population in Asia after China and India. Like the two leaders, it has for many years been thought of as a music market that offers great potential. But as a marketplace for creative content, it has been badly hit by the widespread availability of pirate recordings, and unauthorized CD albums are on sale throughout the country for a fraction of the price of legitimate copies. More recently, digital piracy has grown in line with Internet access. Indonesia is no different from a number of other Asian territories where music piracy is widespread. However, unlike many countries in the region, Indonesia has made notable improvements on intellectual property rights protection. Mobile personalization is currently the biggest revenue generator for record companies in the country. But several of the international music subscription services have set up shop in Indonesia and there is real hope for the future of recorded music sales. Indonesia’s digital infrastructure is also developing well with smartphone penetration on the rise. Essentially, all of the requirements for further digital growth are firmly in place.

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Music & Copyright is published by Ovum.

New issue of Music & Copyright with Germany country report

The latest issue of Music & Copyright is now available for subscribers to download. Here are some of the highlights.

ASCAP collections top $1bn for the second consecutive year
US performing rights organization ASCAP has reported a new record for royalty collections with revenue exceeding $1bn for the second year running. The growth came solely from domestic collections with all the major revenue sources recording an increase. Overseas collections were down with distributions to ASCAP members also suffering a decline. ASCAP’s operating expense ratio edged down while the number of performances tracked, matched, and processed for payment rose sharply. Last year ASCAP became the first performing rights organization (PRO) in the US to provide share ownership information in its publicly available online database for the 10 million–plus musical compositions in its repertory.

PRS for Music reports record year for performance royalties
UK authors’ society PRS for Music has reported a record year for performance royalty collections with all the main income sources registering a year-on-year rise. International royalties, the authors’ society’s biggest income source, returned to growth after a dip in 2014 with collections boosted by a number of exceptional payments, cable settlements, and higher broadcasting revenue. Distributions were also up last year compared with 2014 along with net distributable income. However, costs rose sharply, largely because of certain exceptional costs and one-off expenses associated with litigation and planned investments. As a result, the cost-to-income ratio increased year on year.

Big quarter for WMG as streaming takes the recorded music lead
WMG has reported details of the second quarter of its current financial year ending September 2016. Revenue in the January to March period was up at both current and constant exchange rates compared with the first three months of 2015. Notably, revenue from streaming has overtaken that of physical formats to become the biggest source of income for recorded music. Revenue from artist services and expanded rights also increased along with digital and synchronization earnings for the publishing division Warner Chappell. WMG noted that the fall in recorded music licensing earnings was mostly down to the impact of a large initial distribution of PLG neighboring rights income in the second quarter of the previous financial year.

Germany country report
In addition to the usual set of music industry statistics and news briefs, the latest issue of Music & Copyright includes a detailed Germany music industry profile. Retail sales of recorded music in Germany are on something of a roll at the moment. Trade association BVMI reported a third consecutive year of growth in January thanks to a big jump in revenue from subscriptions and streaming fully offsetting the falls in spending on CD albums and music downloads. Although revenue from access services now accounts for the biggest share of digital music income, CD albums remain the most popular format for German consumers. Authors’ society GEMA has also registered three straight years of revenue growth with total collections last year just edging past the previous year’s record total. Germany’s live industry, the biggest in Europe, is in good shape. The setting up of a Live Nation office in the country has heightened competition in an already competitive sector.

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Music & Copyright is published by Ovum.

WMG makes biggest recorded music market share gains of 2015; indies cement publishing lead

The annual survey by Ovum publication Music & Copyright of the recorded music and music publishing sectors has revealed changes in global market share for the three major music groups and the independent sector. Recorded music leader UMG lost market share in 2015, but WMG, the smallest of the three majors, made the biggest gains. SME experienced a slight increase in its share. Sony/ATV remained the leader in terms of corporate publishing control, despite its share edging down. UMPG was the only major publisher to increase its market share. However, the collective share of the independent publishing sector registered the biggest share rise, with leading indies BMG and Kobalt making impressive gains.

Modest movement in record company market shares
Following a couple of years of consolidation, restructuring, and company selloffs in both the recorded music and music publishing sectors after the breakup of EMI Music Group, last year could be described as much more stable for market share. The sale of EMI’s record and publishing divisions impacted the market share figures for the major music groups in 2014, but with both sectors more settled, market share changes in 2015 were modest.

UMG maintains recorded music lead
According to Music & Copyright, UMG had a 33.5% share of combined physical and digital recorded music trade revenue last year, down from 34.1% in 2014. For physical revenue only, UMG’s share stood at 31.6%, Its digital share stood at 35.6%.

Record companies, physical and digital revenue market shares, 2013–15 (%)
Recorded shares 2015
Source: Music & Copyright

SME was the second-largest music company, with a virtually unchanged combined physical/digital market share of 22.6% in 2015. SME’s physical and digital market shares edged up last year compared with 2014. The smallest of the three majors, WMG, experienced the biggest share gains of the majors. The company’s share of revenue from physical recorded music sales stood at 16.3% in 2015, up from 15.7% in 2014. For digital, its share gain was marginally lower, rising to 18.2% from 17.7%. WMG’s combined physical/digital share grew, to 17.1%, from 16.7%.

The independent record companies’ share of combined physical/digital revenue rose last year, to 26.8%, from 26.7% in 2014. The sector increased its share of physical revenue but its digital share edged down. The independents’ share of physical formats remained higher than its digital share.

No change in major publisher rankings
Sony/ATV held its lead last year despite a market share decrease. The company accounted for 28.3% of global publishing revenue, down from 29.5% in 2014. Sony/ATV took the top spot in 2013 following the purchase of EMI Music Publishing by a Sony-led consortium in 2012. Although Sony/ATV and EMI MP are still separate companies (with EMI MP repertoire administered by Sony/ATV), Music & Copyright has combined the companies’ shares.

Music publishing companies, revenue market shares, 2013–15 (%)
Publishing
Source: Music & Copyright

UMPG was the second-largest music publisher last year with a 23.1% share. Of the three major publishers, UMPG was the only one to register a share increase. Third-placed Warner Chappell’s share edged down in 2015, to 12.4%.

Independent companies extend their lead
Independent music publishers have long dominated music publishing and compete well with the majors for major artists’ attention. Last year, the independent music publishing sector experienced an increase in share. Music & Copyright estimates that independent companies accounted for 36.2% of publishing revenue, compared with 35% in 2014.

If you want to know more about Music & Copyright then follow the below links.

Music & Copyright is published by Ovum.

New issue of Music & Copyright with Russia country report

The latest issue of Music & Copyright is now available for subscribers to download. Here are some of the highlights.

WMG makes biggest recorded music market-share gains of 2015; indies cement publishing lead
Music & Copyright’s annual survey of the recorded music and music publishing sectors has revealed changes in global market share for the three major music groups and the independent sector. Recorded music leader UMG lost market share in 2015, but WMG, the smallest of the three majors, made the biggest gains. SME experienced a slight increase in its share. Sony/ATV remained the leader in terms of corporate publishing control, despite its share edging down. UMPG was the only major publisher to increase its market share. However, the collective share of the independent publishing sector registered the biggest share rise, with leading indies BMG and Kobalt making impressive gains.

TEOSTO reports record year for royalty collections in Finland
Finnish authors’ society TEOSTO has reported a record year for royalty collections from the use of music in Finland. But the total amount of royalties collected in Finland, which also includes performance and mechanical reproduction royalties collected through other organizations and remuneration for public lending and private copying, was lower in 2015 than in 2014. The decrease was caused by a big drop in private copying income as a result of a change in the way the income source is administered. Broadcasting accounted for the biggest share of domestic performing rights. Despite a big rise in digital collections, the income source remains a minor income stream for local authors and publishers.

Live performance video streaming moves towards the mainstream
Live performance video streaming is beginning to establish itself as a mainstream music segment. Leading US live entertainment group Live Nation looks set to become a major broadcast player after successfully rolling out Live Nation TV on Yahoo, with music festival streaming likely to become a key part of its portfolio. Video games platform Twitch.tv is also well placed in the space, given its large audience of electronic dance music (EDM) lovers. Smaller outfits see live streaming as a promising opportunity too: Tidal is busy establishing itself as a broadcaster, to market its core streaming service to consumers, while streaming apps providers are carving out niches as low-cost providers for artists looking to air their live performances.

Russia country report
In addition to the usual set of music industry statistics and news briefs, the latest issue of Music & Copyright includes a detailed Russia music industry profile. Russia’s two main music industry sectors, recorded and live, have had contrasting fortunes for much of this century. Recorded music sales had struggled to reach anything close to their potential given the size of the Russian population, while the live sector went from strength to strength. Now, the opposite is happening: Recorded music sales are rising in contrast to the live sector, which has been hit by the devaluation of the ruble and problematic relations with the West. Last year record company earnings benefitted from a surprise increase in revenue from the sale of physical formats. Although digital income was largely unchanged, revenue from subscription services registered a big rise, suggesting music access services are starting to resonate with consumers.

If you want to know more about Music & Copyright then follow the below links.

Music & Copyright is published by Ovum.

New issue of Music & Copyright with Italy country report

The latest issue of Music & Copyright is now available for subscribers to download. Here are some of the highlights.

EUIPO report sheds light on young Europeans’ digital content habits
A new report published by the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) has detailed the attitudes and behavior of 15–24-year-olds in terms of digital media and intellectual property rights (IPRs). The report looked at the main drivers and barriers to acquiring digital content made available by both legal and unlicensed online sources. The report found that young European consumers felt there was a lack of information about IPRs that would help them understand the important issues and that the current level of information available is not communicated effectively to their age group. It concluded that these factors combined to produce indifference among many young European consumers, who have been brought up in the digital age, not caring whether they infringe on IPRs when they acquire content.

GEMA reports flat year for collections and distributions
German authors’ society GEMA has reported its financial details for 2015. Total collections matched the previous year’s record total, marking the third consecutive year of growth after two years of decline. Distributions to members were down slightly but were still the second highest ever for the authors’ society. GEMA said expenses grew, but costs as a share of total revenue, excluding certain strategic costs, decreased. The authors’ society noted that its total income benefited last year from export revenue which turned out to be higher than projected, as well as favorable exchange rates. However, despite the steady year, GEMA said collections from digital services did not match the volume of use and payments made by consumers to access these services.

Big music gets to grips with big data
Data is becoming an increasingly essential tool for the music industry. Its proponents believe that robust data collection and analytics can genuinely provide a competitive edge. Festival operators and music-streaming providers have only just begun to effectively mine big data, using it to deliver more value from their products and services. We are likely to see the music industry ramp up its big data capabilities as the opportunities provided by data-driven understanding become clearer. Live music organizers and digital music providers will find themselves at the forefront of this change.

Italy country report
In addition to the usual set of music industry statistics and news briefs, the latest issue of Music & Copyright includes a detailed Italy music industry profile. Italy was one of the world’s best performing markets for recorded music in 2015. Physical and digital sales growth boosted trade earnings to the highest level since 2008. Although a long way behind Europe’s big three markets of Germany, the UK, and France in terms of trade revenue from recorded music, the country has suffered the same problems associated with high levels of recorded music available online from unlicensed sources. Despite three consecutive years of growth, trade earnings from recorded music are still considerably lower than they were 15 or so years ago. However, continued gains from subscription services suggest the country is on the road to recovery. Live music sales also had a good 2015 with mid-year data from authors’ society SIAE showing a rise in ticket sales to concerts.

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Music & Copyright is published by Ovum.

New issue of Music & Copyright with China country report

The latest issue of Music & Copyright is now available for subscribers to download. Here are some of the highlights.

SME labels file copyright-infringement claim against Radionomy
A number of SME record company subsidiaries including Arista Records, LaFace Records, US Latin, and Zomba have filed a copyright-infringement and unfair competition claim at the US District Court for the Northern District of California against the online radio service Radionomy. The labels have filed for seven claims for relief, including direct infringement of their rights under US copyright law; contributory copyright infringement; and inducement to infringe. The labels’ court filing states that they are entitled to the maximum statutory damages of $150,000 per track infringed. The lawsuit comes just two months after UMG parent company Vivendi acquired two-thirds of the share capital of Radionomy.

Digital transition continues to dent French recorded music trade sales
French music trade association SNEP has reported a second consecutive annual fall in revenue from the sale of physical and digital music formats and digital access services. Despite sharp growth in trade income from subscription services, a big drop in earnings from physical formats and downloads meant the value of the French recorded music market last year was half of what it was 10 years ago. A good year for performance rights lessened the overall decline. In its report, SNEP drew attention to the rise of subscriptions in France – more than 3 million consumers are now paying for a subscription to one of the many services available in the country. However, with physical formats still dominant and downloads dropping away fast, it seems unlikely that the French recorded music market will return to growth any time soon.

Music video providers look to make consumers pay for the short form
The music video has come a long way since the launch of MTV in the early 1980s. Now the format is part of the short-form-video revolution which led the world to consume some five trillion clips last year. Music video consumption has long shifted online – largely into the hands of YouTube. Much of that content has yet to be fully monetized, but there are major moves underway to make more consumers pay.

China country report
In addition to the usual set of music industry statistics and news briefs, the latest issue of Music & Copyright includes a detailed China music industry profile. For many years China has been seen as a music market in the midst of development and one that offers great potential for growth. Certainly the country’s marketplace for creative content is developing rapidly. However, there have been a number of false starts, and industry sectors have been left disappointed with China consistently failing to live up to its billing. More recently though, there have been some glimmers of hope. The latest IFPI figures showed trade revenue was up in 2014 with streaming the big driver of growth. Ovum has estimated growth continued last year, and more is set to come. China’s digital infrastructure is highly developed and with smartphone penetration on the rise, all the requirements for further digital growth are firmly in place. However, some creative sectors continue to suffer against a backdrop of unlicensed services and restrictive practices. Royalty collections have grown consistently for the last six or so years, but given the size of the population and level of music use, rights holders’ earnings measured at a per-capita rate are tiny.

If you want to know more about Music & Copyright then follow the below links.

Music & Copyright is published by Ovum.