The latest issue of Music & Copyright is now available for subscribers to download. Here are some of the highlights.
Pressure shifts to Pandora as SiriusXM agrees pre-1972 deal
US satellite radio service SiriusXM has agreed on a settlement with the three major record companies and ABKCO Music & Records over the use of music fixed in copyright before February 15, 1972 (pre-1972 sound recordings). The settlement followed a California district court ruling in October that the broadcaster should pay royalties on the disputed recordings. The issue of royalties payable on the pre-1972 works has already seen a number of legal cases heard in several district courts in the US. Two members of the 1960s band the Turtles, Howard Kaylan and Mark Volman, who later became known as Flo & Eddie, have led the charge against the non-payment of royalties by SiriusXM and online radio service Pandora. Although SiriusXM is still battling against Kaylan and Volman despite legal defeats in New York and California, the broadcaster has decided to settle with the record companies rather than appeal the California court’s interpretation of the state’s copyright law, which means that the online radio service Pandora is now under the pre-1972 sound recordings spotlight.
SGAE membership approves accounts for 2013 and 2014
Spanish authors’ society SGAE has published its annual accounts for 2013 and 2014 after approval from its membership at the June annual general meeting. SGAE has experienced a turbulent last few years with arrests of senior executives for misappropriation of funds followed by antitrust investigations over high tariffs for live performance and broadcast fees. The collection society still has a long way to go to repair the damage caused, but SGAE said in June that total revenue grew last year compared with 2013 despite the difficult trading conditions which affected some of the main income sources. Digital collections registered good growth and mechanicals benefitted from the big rise in sales of CD albums.
Music TV still plays the world’s global juke box
Music TV has come a long way since the early days of MTV, with music videos having made the leap from being pure promotional collateral to premium content able to pay its own way. YouTube and Vevo have essentially replaced broadcast music television in the living room with on-demand tracks across multiple devices. But while large players dominate the space, there is still room for innovation, especially on the live music side of the business where brands are also eyeing the opportunity.
Russia country report
In addition to the usual set of music industry statistics and news briefs, the latest issue of Music & Copyright includes a detailed Russia music industry profile. For more than a decade, the two major music industry sectors, recorded and live, experienced very different fortunes in Russia. Recorded music sales suffered under the weight of piracy and the live sector went from strength to strength. However, in the last couple of years, the situation has turned on its head with recorded music on the up and live music suffering a decline. Rising digital sales have boosted record company earnings and there is real hope that the country may be just about to start delivering on its potential. In contrast, Russia’s live sector has been hit by a devaluation in the ruble and souring relations with the West over Ukraine that have forced the country’s economy into a deep and subsequently damaging recession.
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The annual survey by Ovum publication Music & Copyright of the recorded music and music publishing sectors has revealed that recorded-music leader UMG lost market share in 2014, mainly as a result of the sale of the Parlophone Label Group (PLG) to WMG in 2013, which formed part of EMI Recorded Music acquisition requirements. UMG’s loss was WMG’s gain and the smallest of the three majors narrowed the gap on second-placed SME. Sony/ATV held its lead in music publishing, but the collective share of the independent publishing sector was the highest overall.
Majors cede a little recorded-music market share to the independents
Following two years of consolidation in the recorded-music and music-publishing sectors after the breakup of EMI Music Group and the subsequent sales of EMI’s record and publishing divisions, restructuring and company selloffs have had an impact on the market share figures for the major music groups in 2014.
UMG acquired EMI Recorded Music and a Sony-led consortium of companies bought EMI Music Publishing in 2012. National and regulatory approval required a number of company sales, which were completed with the sale of the PLG in July 2013. The timing of the sale meant year-on-year market-share comparisons for UMG and WMG this year and in 2013 were affected. Moreover, at the time of the PLG acquisition by WMG, the major said it would sell some of the PLG assets, or their equivalent value of owned assets, to independent companies. Strong interest by the independent sector has delayed the asset sales with more than 140 companies reported to have bid for around 11,000 artist catalogs. Should the selloffs be completed this year, WMG’s 2015 market share may well be negatively affected.
UMG is the recorded-music leader despite a market share dip
According to Music & Copyright’s annual survey of the music industry, UMG had a 34.1% share of the combined physical and digital recorded music trade revenue last year, down from 36.7% in 2013. For physical revenue only, UMG’s share stood at 32.3%, while its digital share was 36.1%. SME was the second-largest music company, with a virtually unchanged combined physical/digital market share of 22.5%.
The smallest of the three majors, WMG, was the only company to experience an increase in both physical and digital shares: Its share of revenue from physical recorded music sales was 15.7% in 2014, up from 14.8% in 2013, while the share gain was slightly lower for digital, rising to 17.7%, from 17.1%. WMG’s combined physical/digital share grew, to 16.7%, from 15.8%.
The independent record companies’ share of combined physical/digital revenue also rose last year, to 26.7%, from 25.1% in 2013. The sector increased its share of both physical and digital revenue. However, the independents’ share of physical formats is still higher than its digital share.
A healthy year for music publishing
Music & Copyright has calculated that global music publishing revenue grew 2.5% in 2014, to $4.05bn, from $3.95bn in 2013. Despite a virtually unchanged market share in 2014 of 29.5%, Sony/ATV, the joint venture between Sony and the Michael Jackson Estate, remained the global publishing leader. Although Sony/ATV and EMI MP are still separate companies, with EMI MP repertoire administered by Sony/ATV, Music & Copyright has combined the companies’ shares. EMI MP is the larger of the two companies in terms of tracks owned and administered, with a publishing catalog of around 2 million tracks, compared with 1.6 million for Sony/ATV.
UMPG is the second-largest music publisher. The company’s market share edged up slightly last year, to 23.0%, from 22.6% in 2013. Warner Chappell was the only major music publisher to suffer a fall in share in 2014.
Independent companies hold the lead
Independent music publishers have long dominated music publishing and compete well with the majors for major artists’ attention. Last year, the independent music publishing sector experienced a small increase in share: Music & Copyright estimates that independent companies accounted for 35.0% of global publishing revenue, compared with 34.8% in 2013.
BMG Rights Management is the biggest of the independent music publishers and has gained share consistently through a mixture of company acquisitions and administration deals. Music & Copyright estimates that BMG’s share of global music publishing revenue was 5.4% in 2014, up from 5.1% in 2013.
Kobalt has also made gains in the last few years, although increased revenue for the company has come from organic growth rather than through company acquisition. Music & Copyright estimates that Kobalt’s share of global publishing revenue increased to 3.9% last year, from 3.5% in 2013.
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Music is unquestionably important to most people’s lives, regardless of where they are in the world. Although not everyone spends money on recorded music or buys tickets to a gig or festival, a very high percentage of people listen to music on the radio at home or in their car. Restaurants, shops, and bars use music to create a particular ambience to encourage people to either relax or feel enlivened to improve their customers’ experience.
Music is essential and important
Just how important music is to consumers was one of the many questions included in a consumer survey conducted by Music & Copyright publisher Ovum in July. Over a three-week period, 15,000+ consumers across 15 countries were asked a number of questions about their media use. In terms of importance, music was considered essential by 42% of respondents, and important by a further 43%.
Although listening to music was less important than browsing the Internet and reading the news, it was considered more essential that interacting on social media and watching TV. Only 16% of respondents said listening to music was unimportant. Continue reading
The world of online advertising is a pretty complex business. Media agencies buy advertising space on behalf of clients through ad exchanges with automated processes matching advertisers’ criteria to inventory offered by online publishers. This enables advertisers to gain placements and reach their target audience across a much broader selection of websites. From the loading of a web page to an ad being displayed, an auction has taken place and the winner’s ad is presented, all in just a few milliseconds. However, the process can sometimes result in ads showing up on sites they shouldn’t. Some brands take steps to avoid this and others act quickly when notified. But some don’t, and that is a big problem for content rights holders.
Big brand ads funding pirate music sites
Ovum has just published Music & Copyright’s fourth annual survey of ads on pirate music sites. This time around, the survey focused on the popular site Hulkshare and a search for the Rita Ora track Will Never Let You Down. Big name brands with ads found on the site included Lloyds Bank, Eurostar, Ford and Scottish Power. However, most troubling from UK rights holders’ point of view was the presence of so many ads for ISPs and mobile operators. Even an ad from a UK government department made it onto the site. Continue reading
New research published by the Ovum news service Music & Copyright reveals that the two most popular music genres in terms of retail sales in the world are pop and rock. According to the annual genre study conducted by Music & Copyright, consumer spending on the two genres accounted for 56.7% of total spending in 2013. Retail sales of pop music stood at $6.8bn, and retail sales of rock music totaled $5.8bn (see Figure 1).
Although the two genres dominate global recorded-music sales, there were differences in their performance last year. Sales of pop music slid 7.6%, while the rock-music decline was 3.1%. Dance music and rap/hip-hop were the only two genres to see growth in retail sales: Dance sales increased 4%, to $1.3bn, while rap/hip-hop sales rose 1.4%, to $1.2bn. Jazz was the biggest loser for the second consecutive year, with sales down 10.1%.
Despite its fall in sales, pop remained the world’s most popular genre, accounting for 30.6% of global retail sales (see Figure 2), although this share was down, from 31.7% in 2012. Rock’s share increased, from 25.7% to 26.1%. Dance music scored the biggest share increase, rising from 5.5% to 6%.
Music & Copyright’s annual survey of the recorded-music and music-publishing sectors has revealed which companies have benefited most from the breakup of EMI. UMG increased its dominance of the recorded-music sector in 2013, while WMG closed the gap on the second-largest company, SME. Sony/ATV is the clear leader in terms of corporate publishing control.
The last two years have seen significant consolidation in the recorded-music and music-publishing sectors, after the breakup of EMI Music Group and the subsequent sales of EMI’s record and publishing divisions. Although UMG’s acquisition of EMI Recorded Music and the purchase of EMI Music Publishing by a Sony-led consortium received the various national and regional regulatory seals of approval in 2012, enforced divestments meant that the consolidation process was completed only last year. The result is a music industry dominated by three corporate groups: UMG has extended its market-share lead in terms of revenues from recorded-music sales, and Sony/ATV is the clear music-publishing leader.
Prior to the latest round of consolidation, UMG was the biggest recorded-music company in the world. The addition of the EMI assets in October 2012 boosted the company’s market share that year, but 2013 was the first full year the acquired EMI companies were included in UMG’s results. However, given that divestments were completed only in 2013, market-share figures for 2014 will be the first to truly reflect the new recorded-music landscape. Continue reading
Today is a big day for all of us at Music & Copyright as we have just published our 500th issue. When the first issue was put together back in September 1992, little did we think that Music & Copyright would still be as popular with subscribers as it is today. A lot has changed in the recorded-music and music publishing sectors over the last 22 years or so, but one thing has remained unmoved, and that is the importance of copyright.
Challenges to rights holders to maintain the value of copyright in an increasingly digital world have meant changes to the way rights are protected and administered. The launch of new digital-music services and means of distributing recorded-music has seen rights administration evolve at national, regional and global levels. However, central to this evolution has been ensuring that rights holders are rewarded for their creative work.
Looking back at some of the early editions of Music & Copyright, most of the names have either long since left the music industry or been swallowed up as part of industry consolidation. However, the headlines for several stories resonate closely with happenings today. For example, the first issue led with the headline European tape levy income may top US$600 million a year and described how the European Commission was examining proposals to protect private copying remuneration. Fast forward to last week and we see that the European Parliament voted in favor of new proposals to modernize the current private copying remuneration system. Other articles in the latest issue also resonate with days gone by with format changes impacting on sales figures and record company consolidation affecting financial results.
As we now look forward to the next 500 issues, I hope Music & Copyright is still delivering the right balance of news and views and that its own evolution has improved the news service. Certainly our feedback since I became editor five years ago (has it really been that long?) would suggest it has.
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